Red Fort in Delhi One of the most popular forts in India

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Red Fort in Delhi One of the most popular forts in India

In 1638 Shahjahan exchanged his capital from Agra to Delhi and established the frameworks of Shahjahanabad, the seventh city of Delhi. It is encased by a rubble stone divider, with bastions, doors and wickets at interims.

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Of its fourteen doors, the critical ones are the Mori, Lahori, Ajmeri, Turkman, Kashmiri and Delhi entryways, some of which have as of now been decimated. His well known bastion, the Lal-Qila, or the Red Fort, lying at the town’s northern end on the correct bank or the Yamuna and south of Salimgarh.

It started in 1639 and finished following nine years.

The Red Fort is not quite the same as the Agra post and is better arranged, in light of the fact that at its back falsehoods the experience picked up by Shahjahan at Agra, and on the grounds that it was the work of one hand.

It is a sporadic octagon, with two long sides on the east and west, and with two fundamental doors, one on the west and the other on the south, called Lahori and Delhi entryways separately. While the dividers, doors and a couple of different structures in the fortification are developed of red sandstone, marble has been to a great extent utilized as a part of the royal residences.

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From the western portal subsequent to going through the vaulted arcade, called Chhatta-Chowk, one reaches the Naubat-or Naqqar-Khana (‘Drum-house’), where formal music was played and which likewise served as the passageway to the Diwan-i-‘Am. Its upper story is currently involved by the Indian War Memorial Museum.

The Diwan-i-” Am (‘Hall of Public Audience’) is a rectangular corridor, three passageway profound, with a façade of nine curves. At the back of the lobby is a niche, where the regal position of authority remained under a marble overhang, with a decorated marble dias underneath it for the leader. The divider behind the position of royalty is ornamented with lovely boards of pietra dura work, said to have been executed by Austin de Bordeaux, a Florentine craftsman. Orpheus with his lute is spoken to in one of the boards here. Initially there were six marble castles along the eastern water front. Behind the Diwan-i-” Am yet isolated by a court is the Rang-Mahal (‘Painted Palace’), purported attributable to shaded embellishment on its inside. It comprises of a primary lobby with an angled front, with vaulted chambers on either end. A water-channel, called the Nahr-i-Bihisht (‘Stream of Paradise’), kept running down through it, with a focal marble bowl fitted with an ivory wellspring. The Mumtaz-Mahal, initially an imperative condo in the supreme seraglio, now houses the Delhi Fort Museum.

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The Diwan-i-Khass (‘Hall of Private Audience’) is a very ornamented pillared lobby, with a level roof bolstered on engrailed curves. The lower bit of its docks is ornamented with botanical pietra dura boards, while the upper segment was initially plated and painted. Its marble dias is said to have bolstered the renowned Peacock Throne, diverted by the Persian trespasser Nadir Shah.

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The Tasbih-Khana (‘chamber for numbering dots for private petitions’) comprises of three rooms, behind which is the Khwabgah (‘dozing chamber’). On the northern screen of the previous is a representation of the Scales of Justice, which are suspended over a bow in the midst of stars and mists. Abutting the eastern mass of the Khwabgah is the octagonal Muthamman-Burj, from where the head showed up before his subjects each morning. A little overhang, which ventures from the Burj, was included here in 1808 by Akbar Shah II, and it was from this gallery that King George V and Queen Mary showed up before the general population of Delhi in December 1911.

The Hammam (‘Bath’) comprises of three fundamental flats separated by passages. The whole inside, including the floor, is worked of marble and trimmed with hued stones. The showers were furnished with ‘hot and cool water’, and it is said that one of the wellsprings in the easternmost condo transmitted rose water. Toward the west of the Hammam is the Moti-Masjid (‘Pearl Mosque’), included later by Aurangzeb. The Hayat-Bakhsh-Bagh (‘Life-giving greenhouse’), with its structures, misleads the north of the mosque, and was later significantly changed and reproduced. The red-stone structure amidst the tank in the focal point of the Hayat-Bakhsh-Bagh is called Zafar-Mahal and was worked by Bahadur Shah II in around 1842.

In 1644, Shahjahan started in Delhi his extraordinary mosque, the Jami’- Masjid the biggest mosque in India, and finished it in 1650. Its square quadrangle with angled houses on the sides and a tank in the middle is 100 m. wide. Based on a raised plinth, it has three forcing doors drew closer by long flights of steps. Its supplication corridor, with a veneer of eleven curves, flanked by a four-storeyed minaret on either end, is secured by three huge vaults ornamented with substituting stripes of ‘high contrast marble.

Extra charge:

Nationals of India and guests of SAARC (Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Maldives and Afghanistan) and BIMSTEC Countries (Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Myanmar) – Rs.30 per head.


Rs. 500/ – per head (Free section to youngsters up to 15 years)

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